In addition, the baby’s absorption of nutrients in the mother’s body causes her to make up for these nutrients by following the following tips, according to Health.com:Choose nutritional supplements during pregnancy: Vitamins for women during pregnancy are important for the development of the child’s spinal cord and nerves. Some doctors are advised to take them before making a pregnancy decision. Make sure that these supplements contain at least 30 milligrams of iron and between 600 and 800 micrograms of folic acid.
Concentrate on folic acid: Folic acid proved its ability to reduce the risk of birth defects in the fetus, and stimulate the normal development of cells. Folic acid is found in foods such as lentils, red beans, spinach and citrus. Many foods rich in iron: the amount of blood in the body of pregnant women increased by 40 percent during pregnancy, increasing the need for iron. However, many women do not have sufficient iron intake, which causes anemia, which is behind the premature birth and birth of the child less than normal weight, in addition to the mother’s constant fatigue. Be sure to eat foods rich in iron, such as eggs, meat, spinach and lentils.
No need to stop drinking coffee: I do not mind drinking coffee, without exaggeration. There is no problem eating a cup of coffee or a soft drink every 8 hours. Excessive drinking of coffee causes an abnormal pulse rate in the fetus.Do not eat too much: Eating too much during pregnancy can cause obesity, which may increase the risk of developing obesity in your life, as well as the possibility of diabetes and heart disease. In fact, pregnant women need an extra 300 calories per day.
Eat foods rich in color: Pregnant women need additional doses of antioxidants, due to the risk of electrolytes in the body. Therefore, you should eat foods rich in color, such as berries, citrus fruits and dark leafy vegetables. Calcium: The child’s body absorbs the calcium component of the mother’s body for bone growth. In the absence of this element in the mother’s body, the fetus’s body begins to absorb calcium from the mother’s bones. Pregnant women should be careful to drink 1,000 milligrams of calcium every day.
To prevent congenital malformations, medical studies have shown that the chances of occurrence and detection can be reduced if they occur early in pregnancy, and each pregnant woman should follow the following tips:
1 – visit the doctor before marriageIn this visit, the doctor will ask about the history of the family of the husband and wife, especially the hereditary diseases. If there is a inherited disease in the family, it is best to avoid the marriage of relatives, check the wife’s health status, Some medications, such as epilepsy or thyroid therapy, need attention, especially before pregnancy occurs.
2 – Beware of smoking and alcohol to quit bad habits, such as smoking or drinking alcohol or some drugs of addiction before pregnancy, and attention to the state of food, and every increase or decrease in weight is harmful.
- Make sure you are immuneDo you know that making sure you are immunized against certain diseases, such as measles, is very important? If you do not have immunity, your doctor will give you the necessary serum.
- Pregnancy at a later ageIt is advised not to delay pregnancy a lot, as the older the wife, the greater the incidence of some abnormalities, especially Down syndrome, especially after the age of 35 years.
- Get an early checkBetween 11 and 14 weeks of gestation, the examination should be carried out in the centers and hands of specialists in embryology, as modern devices can see most fetal organs in those early stages of pregnancy, and the specialist doctor examines and measures the thickness of the skin behind the fetal neck, where Increased thickness of the skin behind the fetal neck was found to be associated with Down’s syndrome and some other abnormalities in the fetus, such as heart abnormalities and other congenital malformations.
6 – Do not mislead analysisWhich are hormonal analyzes in the first weeks of pregnancy, show the possibility of congenital malformations, and then the doctor give the necessary advice.